Australia PR

Australia Immigration

189 Visa  |  190 Visa  |  491 Visa

Australia being the biggest country in Oceania is an eminently developed country with the world’s 14th largest economy. This nation is highly positioned in terms of the quality of life, health, education, and economic freedom. Also, Australia is said to have the world’s eighth-largest immigrant population. So what’s better than a country than Australia if you are looking for a permanent settlement in foreign countries. Australia Immigration offers many streams for immigrants to apply for the category accordingly. Here we have tried providing a bit of information about the below mention subclasses.

  • Australia Skilled Independent Visa – Subclass 189
  • The Skilled Nominated Visa – Subclass 190
  • Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 491)

Acceptability Criteria for Australian PR

  • Age: should not cross 45 years.
  • English language requirements with a minimum of IELTS 7 or TOFEL 94-101 or PTE 64-72 in each module.
  • Educational Qualification: You should hold a graduate degree and it must be verified by the relevant accessing authority.
  • Work experience requirement: you must have been employed in an occupation on the Occupations List for at least 4 years before applying. You are required to have worked at least 20 hours a week.
  • Before you apply, you must have your skills assessed by one of the Australian assessing authority designated to assess your nominated occupation.
  • Partner skills can additional points.

PS. The criteria mentioned was what Sanctum follows to process the cases, it may vary from the actual.

The value-ads of having an Australian Immigration

  • The right to live in Australia permanently.
  • Freedom to work across any state in Australia
  • Freedom to travel across the country
  • Freedom to pursue higher education
  • Eligible to sponsor relatives for PR
  • Can apply for an Australian citizenship
  • Healthcare entitlement
  • First homeowner grants and high credit rating

PS. The benefits and conditions would vary for subclass 190 and 491.

The individuals are selected based on their points scored in the Australia Point Test, which is calculated on the basis of your age, educational qualification, work experience, English language abilities, and other factors. You must score a minimum of 80 points on the points for 189 subclasses, 75 points for 190 subclass, and 65 points for 191 subclasses to be able to apply for Australia Permanent Residency.

Please note: The minimum points don’t give you the guarantee of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) from the Australian government. However, it gives you permission to apply for Australia Permanent Residency under the respective subclass.

Australia PR benefits

Australia Immigration Process For Various Subclass

Australia Subclass 189 :

  • This stream is basically for the point-tested skilled workers whose occupation is in demand. An applicant need not have any sponsorship from any employer, a province or any family member from Australia. All the Australian immigration applications are handled by the DIBP (Department of Immigration and Border Protection). This Permanent Resident visa is issued bases on the Invitation and allows the applicant to work, study and settle anywhere in Australia.
  • The invitation depends on the number of points you score, so the higher you score the better are your chances to get the invitation.

Steps to follow for the Australia 189 subclass PR:

  • The first step to proceed with the 189 sub class visa to Australia is to lodge your Expression of interest (EOI) through your skill select account. Based on one’s score, the waiting time of the receipt of invitation depends. To clarify, if you are standing on a good score, you receive the invitation within less span of time.
  • Post receiving an invitation, you need to gather the documents related to your identity, education, work experience, health, partner and kids [if applicable]. One has to submit all these documents support to prove the claims you make in your Expression of Entry and show you meet the eligibility criteria.
  • An applicant gets a window period of 60 days for submitting an application after receiving the invitation. Fill the forms, make the visa payment and apply for the visa within this 2 month. It is strongly recommended that the applicant applies for the visa before the expiry of the invitation.
  • Post lodging you PR application, you would receive the acknowledgment from the Australian Government regarding the receipt of your application. Also you would be kept posted about all the updates related to your application. The processing time might take about 11-22 months for an application.
  • After the processing, you receive your decision. If the visa is granted, they give the details of the validity and the conditions of the visa. And if the visa is refused, they give you the reason of why your application has been denied and would mention if the applicant has a chance to review the decision or not.


An Individual willing to settle in Australia has many different options, among which one is the Skilled Nominated Visa – Subclass 190. It is Australia’s skilled immigration program where the applicant can obtain the permanent residency, if one can receive a nomination from a state or territory in Australia. The Subclass 190 visa holders also would be able to avail the benefits of residing and working in Australia on a permanent basis.

The first step one has to take to proceed with applying for the Skilled Nominated Visa Subclass 190 is to submit the Expression of Interest (EOI) profile by creating an account in the Skill Select. Post submission of profile, one needs to wait for the invitation from the Immigration to Apply Department. The wait time depends on multiple factors such as the score of the applicant, the demand of his occupation in that particular province.

A soon as you get the invitation, you need to lodge your visa application within 60 days of time period, otherwise the invitation gets expired. One needs to prepare for all the requirements as per the case to lodge the main application.

The Process for applying for the visa 190 Australia:

  • Step 1: Any individual applying for the Australia PR Visa under the Subclass 190 needs to follow the below steps.
  • Step 2: One needs to take the skills assessment test and check your eligibility. During this step, you also need to undergo any of the English language skills test with a minimum score.
  • Step 3: You must submit an Expression on Interest stating all your information ad wait for the nomination from the state/ territory.
  • Step 4: Post the invitation, the applicant needs to gather all the documents required for the Immigration process. These documents are asked in support to substantiate your claims on the EOI profile.
  • Step 5: The Australian Government would let you know the decision on the Visa application after verifying all the documents and the date provided by the primary applicant.

The PR Visa duration:

 An individual can stay in Australia for an indefinite time with an Australia PR visa. But then, under the Skilled Nominated Subclass 190 visa, the applicant has to stay for at least 2 years in the particular state/province from which he/she received the nomination. If the applicant and the family members are outside Australia at the time of visa grant, then the primary applicant and the dependents need to go through the Immigration clearance in Australia before expiry of your health and police clearances.

Overview of Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa

There are quite a few regions in Australia which are experiencing a low-population & striving to make progress. Therefore, these regions seek for the skilled workers from outside Australia and sends nomination to those selected individuals for a PR visa through the Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa – (subclass 491). Under this visa category, an eligible skilled worker can stay in Australia for a period of 5 years and apply for permanent residence after serving three years initially.

The Skilled Regional Provisional Visa Subclass 491 is a provisional visa type that allows the individuals to live and work in a region by which they have nominated. Its validity is 5 years. For this visa, one needs a sponsorship from a state/territory or from a relative living in a Designated area of Australia. After 3 years, of stay in Australia, the individual becomes eligible to apply for a Permanent Residency Visa.

The first step to be taken towards the initiating the process is to lodge your Expression of Interest (EOI) profile through Skill Select account. By this you enter into the pool and based on your score, you get the Invitation from the Immigration to Apply Department.

Post you receiving the invitation, you need to submit your application and the required documents in the 2 months’ period. The window period starts from the date of you accepting the invitation. The primary applicant needs to prepare all the requirements as early as possible and submit them to the Australia Immi, for the verification.

Applicant’s eligibility criteria to apply for the Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa – (subclass 491):

A candidate is required to hold the below criteria to apply for the PR visa under the 491 subclass.

  • Aged between 18-44 years.
  • Having a score of minimum 65 points in the Skilled immigration points test.
  • Holding a competent level in the English language skills.
  • A positive skills Assessments completion report from the relevant authority.
  • Submit an Express of Interest under the 491 subclass.
  • Must be nominated by a province/territory or receive a sponsorship from a relative residing in any designated regions in Australia.

Sponsorship from a State/Territory:

Every State/Territory will have the list of occupation in demand in place. One must check if their occupation is listed in the skilled nomination list. If so, then you need to complete your Skills Assessment in any of the occupation listed in the province/Territory nominated occupation. Once this is done, you need proceed with the EOI submission.

Sponsorship from a relative from a State/Territory:

One can also be able to apply for the Australia PR Visa, under the subclass 491- The Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa, if you have a sponsored invitation from any of your relative who is residing in a designated area in Australia. The relative from you would be seeking the sponsorship should be either a PR holder in Australia or a citizen of New Zealand/Australia. The below list of relations can sponsor you for the visa.

  • Parents
  • Brothers & Sisters
  • Nephews & Nieces
  • First Cousins
  • Uncles & Aunts
  • Grandparents
  • Assessing skills.
  • Our consultants would keep the duly completed application form and the documentation set ready for the lodging of the online visa.
  • Sanctum agents will provide all information on the documents to submit as per the Australia Immigration requirement.
  • The team will provide all the required letter formats for the visa.
  • Getting Nomination from the Australian State or Territory.
  • We also assist in visa fee payments.

Immi Processing Time 

  • 189 Visa subclass : 75% of applications: in 8-12 months, 90% of applications in 12-16 months
  • 190 Visa subclass : 75% of applications in 10 months, 90% of applications in 11 months
  • 491 Visa subclass : There are no standard processing time.

Sanctum Processing time would be 2-3 business days for stage 1 and 1 week for stage 2.

The Processing time is subjected to vary*.

  • We aim to provide you with the best services to ensure that you qualify and apply in a manner that results in visa approval.
  • We understand that every case is different; so we treat each case individually.
  • Save Time & Effort at a minimal cost.
  • Visa Updates & Tracking!
  • Your documents are safe, secure, confidential and our process is transparent!
  • Lodging the application with Immi is the scheduled time.
  • Job Search Assistance at additional cost
Frequently asked questions

What is a 189 visa for Australia?

  • The subclass 189 visa to Australia offers the individuals whose occupation is listed in the skilled occupation list, a chance to go work, and settle in Australia without any sponsorship.

Is Visa 189 permanent residency?

  • Yes, the 189 visa is a subclass of Australia Permanent resident visa. Under this stream, the applicant is invited based on the points score system.

What is the difference between 189 and 190 visa?

  • 189 Visa: This visa allows individuals to the world and settles in any province of Australia.
  • 190 Visa: The applicant if invited under this particular stream, has to only work and live in that province from which the invitation is issued for the initial 2-3 years.

How do I get an Australian 189 visa?

  • One should have an occupation that is in demand in Australia and should lodge the EOI with a minimum score of 65 points to get the Invitation. Post the invitation, you need to submit all the requirements for the Australian embassy to verify and issue the visa.

How much does 189 visa cost?

  • The fee for the 189 subclass visa is AUD 500 per individual. If the applicant wants to take the family, it would cost additional AUD for a family of 2 people.

Are 75 points enough for 189 visas?

  • The minimum eligibility to get into the pool is 65 points. 80 points is a good score for receiving the invitation. But then it also depends on which occupation the applicant is applying.

Can I get PR with 75 points?

  • It is not guaranteed that one would get the visa with 75 points. The applicant might have chances to get the invitation. Post the invitation, the visa issuance depends on the requirements provided by the applicant.

How long do the 189 visas last?

  • The visa is generally issued for 5 years. The applicant can enter and live in Australia for 5 years from the visa grant date. The visa can be renewed.

How many points are required for Australian PR?

  • One needs a minimum 65 points to enter into the pool for the invitation. The higher is the score, the better are the chances for the invitation. The points only help the applicant get the invitation, but the visa further depends on the information and documentation provided by the applicant.

How many points do I need for 189 visas?

  • Minimum points required to be eligible for applying for the visa is 65 points. It is good if the score is higher to get the invitation quickly.

How can I increase my Australian PR points?

  • The points are calculated based on certain factors. Among the factors, the applicant increases the score by scoring the highest level in the English language skills test. Also if married, can check if the partner is eligible for adding points to the primary applicant’s profile.

What is the current processing time for Australia PR with 65 to 70 points?

  • As per the current circumstances, there are very fewer chances of getting invited with 65-70 points.

Can I move to Australia without a skill?

  • You need to be a skilled worker for applying for a permanent resident visa to Australia.

Is it difficult to get PR in Australia?

  • It is not hard to get the PR visa if you having a good score for receiving the invitation. Post invitation it all depends on the documentation you would be submitting.

What documents do I need for a 189 visa?

  • The applicant post receipt of the invitation letter has to submit the documents related to the applicant’s identity, work experience, educational qualification, financial circumstances, health, family.

How many points do you need to immigrate to Australia?

  • It is recommended if the applicant can score 75 points to hold good chances of getting the invitation to applying for the visa.

How are PR points calculated in Australia?

  • The points are calculated based on different factors, majorly age, qualification, work experience, partner skills.

Can I get Australian PR with 80 points?

  • Yes, one has good chances of getting the invitation with 80 points. But then it might take around a few months for the same.

How long does Australian EOI take?

  • The EOI lodging does not take time, the waiting time starts post lodging the profile. You need to enter the information, based on which the points would be calculated and you would enter the pool. Higher is the score, lesser is the time taken for the invitation.

How many EOI can I submit?

  • One can submit multiple EOI under any subclass for he/she is eligible. Post the receipt of the invitation, your EOI would be blocked.

How to apply for the Australia PR visa-permanent residency process for Indians?

  • The process and the scoring system remains the same for all foreign nationals. The applicant needs to lodge the EOI and wait for the invitation. Post the invitation is in place, you gather the documents and send it to the embassy for verifying and issuing the PR visa.

What are the benefits of Australia’s PR visa?

  • There are quite a few benefits of having an Australian PR. You can check our website for these details.

What is the processing time of Australian permanent residency?

  • The complete process might take a minimum of 8 months to more than a year. The waiting time is basically at the time of invitation and visa issuance.

What are the key requirements of Australian Permanent residency?

  • The primary requirements are the passport, skills assessment report, and the language skill test report for proceeding with the first step –EOI.

What is the Australian PR visa categories which Indian Citizens can choose?

  • There are 3 major categories for the applicants to choose for applying for the Australian PR. They are 189 Subclass, 190 Subclass, 489 skilled independent visas.

What is the required IELTS score to migrate to Australia?

  • The minimum score as per the current situation is 7 bands in each module [listening, writing, speaking, and reading].

What is the age limit for applying the permanent resident visa to Australia?

  • The applicant should not cross 50 years to be able to apply for the Australia PR visa.

How do I get a 190 visa in Australia?

  • You need to lodge the EOI profile and post you get the invitation; you need to gather the requirements for submitting it to the Australian Government. One has to keep in mind the other parameters before applying for the visa. For details contact Sanctum consultants.

What are the conditions for the 190 visa?

  • There are few eligibility criteria, the applicant needs to check for applying for the visa. They are:
  • Have a suitable occupation in the occupation list of the 190 visas.
  • The minimum score in the skilled migration point calculator.
  • Have a relevant Skills assessment report and the language skills test score report.
  • An active EOI profile.
  • Receive a nomination from one of the state/territory.

How long does it take to get an invitation for a 190 visa?

  • The wait time depends on multiple factors, according to the case. Most of the applications get processed within 9-10 months of time from the time the application is lodged.

Are 65 points enough for 190 visas?

  • It is the minimum eligibility criteria, for an applicant to submit an EOI profile. But then, as per the current circumstances, it is not a very good score to expect an invitation.

Can I get Australian PR with 70 points in 190 subclasses?

  • There is a probability with 70 points, but in this case, opting for the 190 sub class would add additional points to your score.

Are 75 points enough for 190 visas?

  • With 75 points, the applicant can expect an invitation. But then it is time taking. It might almost take 7-9 months of time to receive an invitation.

How do I get a subclass 190 visa?

  • While lodging your Expression of Interest, you need to opt for the 190 subclass visa option so that your profile gets the additional points. Then based on this, you can expect the invitation from one state and apply for the visa post receiving the invitation.

How long does Australian EOI take?

  • The minimum processing time is 15 days for an EOI profile to get identified, but then the invitation wait time depends on the occupation for which you have been nominated.

How do I apply for a 190 visa in NSW?

  • You need to select for the sub class 190 option during lodging your EOI profile. Then you need to keep checking your emails. You would receive the invitation from the NSW state if you cross their eligibility criteria and if your skilled occupation is in demand in that particular state.

How does EOI invitation work?

  • An EOI is where the applicant states his/her interest in applying for the PR visa and gives the information required to prove the eligibility for applying for the visa. Based on this, the state sends the invitation.

What are the requirements for the subclass 190 visa?

  • The primary requirements are the Skills assessment from the relevant authority, English language test report, EOI profile. 

Is the 491 visas issued on a temporary basis?

  • The 491 visas are issued on a temporary basis. This visa allows the candidates to stay and work in Australia for only a specific time period. But then the candidate can apply for an extension of the visa after the visa expires or even apply for the PR visa.

Can I know the eligibility criteria for a 491 visa?

  • This visa subclass is given through a state nomination or a sponsorship from a relative residing in Australia. Refer to the date mentioned above for the criteria. Otherwise, contact us for more details on the same.

How is it possible for me to get a state nomination for 491 visas?

  • One needs to submit an EOI profile with the state you wish to settle and wait for the invitation. If you receive the invitation, you can apply for the 491 subclass visa. For detailed information contact Sanctum Immigration Consultants.